300m t/y more scrap needed for green transformation

Davide Braga, head of global capital equipment sales at Danieli Centro Recycling in Italy, believes that rising steel demand and steel mills’ need to transition to green steelmaking will stimulate scrap consumption.

Speaking at a Bureau of International Recycling (BIR) conference attended by Kallanish in Abu Dhabi this week, Davide said steel demand and production would slowly increase until 2050. Demands for low-carbon steel mean steel mills hope to reduce carbon emissions by 70-90%.

The switch towards electric arc furnaces (EAFs) would double their share of production by 2050 and include a significant increase in direct reduced iron (DRI) production of 245 million tonnes/year, he adds.

More than an extra 300 million tonnes/year of scrap would be needed to feed the additional EAF production in the transition to green steel, BIR also reported.

From Davide’s speech, the company expects to see 18% of of global steel production from DRI EAF, 38% from scrap EAF and 44% from BOF. This implies steady increases for DRI EAF and scrap EAF scrap from 8% and 23% in 2020. Production from BOF will shrink by 26 percentage points by 2050 from 70% in 2020. Global steel production will be in the range of 2-2.5 billion tonnes/year by 2050, the data shows.

Global scrap availability should reach over 1.2 billion tonnes/year by 2050, with the biggest increase coming from obsolete scrap, which shows the rising importance of the control of scrap sourcing, processing and utilisation.

Kallanish Asia