State-owned Polish coal trader and steel re-roller Weglokoks plans to commission in 2027 a new 1 million tonnes/year capacity hot strip mill in Ruda Slaska, next to Katowice, Kallanish notes.
The plant, to be located on the territory of stockist and fabricator subsidiary Huta Pokoj, will allocate half of its production capacity for the needs of the group’s re-rolling lines, with the balance sold on the merchant market.
The PLN 5 billion ($1.1 billion) plant will use electric arc furnaces to melt scrap, of which Poland is a major supplier. Weglokoks forecasts the operation will generate PLN 4.5 billion in annual revenue and provide an average sales margin of 8%.
The aim of the investment is to complete the value chain in Weglokoks’ steel segment, which will result in increased competitiveness and production at its processing lines. This will also result in reduced steel imports into Poland and an improvement in foreign trade balance.
“We are determined that Poland’s steel industry, the part which is in the hands of the state, is rebuilt,” says Polish state assets minister Jacek Sasin.
The state has also released PLN 560 million of funding to Weglokoks for the recapitalisation of its steel subsidiaries.
The group says the main driver behind the investment is the fact the steel industry plays a key role in economic development, and 80% of Polish steel demand is currently covered by imports.
Weglokoks also owns welded pipemaker and mine roadway support producer Huta Labedy, as well as heavy plate producer Walcownia Blach Batory (WBB). The firm had previously planned to consolidate the three steel subsidiaries under a subsidiary called “Weglokoks Stal”.
WBB has suffered from merchant slab procurement issues since it restarted production in late 2017 following an almost two-year stoppage. Huta Pokoj has likewise had issues with billet and hot rolled coil feedstock availability. These have been exacerbated by the disruption in steel supply due to war from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, which accounted for 25% of Polish steel imports in 2021.
In January-May 2022, Poland imported 1.25 million tonnes of hot rolled flat products under HS code heading 7208, according to Poland’s Central Statistical Office (GUS). HS code 720839 comprised 235,558t, with 76,961t coming from Ukraine and 55,638t from Russia. HS code 720838 accounted for 207,269t, with 58,939t coming from Slovakia and 41,361t from Ukraine.
Despite Poland’s dependence on imports, steel industry participants have said in recent years it is unlikely that Poland will build new crude steelmaking capacity. The new investment is all the more surprising given the current energy crisis Europe is facing. Weglokoks, however, has the backing of the state and said in 2018 that building its own crude steelmaking capacity was an option it was mulling.
Poland’s only current slab and hot strip producer is ArcelorMittal Poland.
Adam Smith Poland